Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (1994) – broad – federal computers

National Infrastructure Protection Act (1996) – international communications

Electronic Communication Privacy Act of 1986 – electronic privacy

Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement (CALEA) – wire tapping

Economic Espionage Act of 1996 – theft includes data

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) – health information privacy

Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act of 2009 (HITECH) – updated HIPAA, added BAAs

Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA, 1998) – applied to children under 13

Gramm-Leach Bliley Act (1999) – banks, insurance, credit

USA PATRIOT Act (2001) – wire tapping, ISPs can provide information

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) – school records

Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act (1998)

Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) – credit cards

Intellectual Property Laws:

Copyright – 70 years after death of author

Digital Millennium Copyright Act – protects ISPs if someone has used them to publish copyrighted material

Trademark – 10 years, can be renewed forever

Patent – 20 years

Trade Secret – not registered, use Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA)